EASY FACTS ABOUT GHANA
The Republic of Ghana is located in West Africa. It is the first country sub of the Sahara to gain independence on the 6th of March, 1957. It is bordered by three countries, in the north by Burkina-Faso, east by Togo, west by La Cote d’Ivoire and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The country is the closest to the Equator (approximately 500km) and the Greenwich Meridian passes right through the port city of Tema in the Greater Accra Region. Ghana therefore is equidistant from the equator and makes it the centre of the world. Ghana occupies a total land area of 239,460km2 and stretches for 672km from north to south and 550km from east to west. A large proportion of the country is relatively flat and lies below an altitude of 150km except for the high regions of Akuapim and Kwahu ranges that are above 700m.
Ghana has a tropical climate that is normally warm to hot all year round with an average temperature range of between 210C - 320C. There are two rainy seasons from March to July and September to October. The months of November to March is the dry and hot season.
Ghana has a population of about 26 million people which consists of about 60 different ethnic groups with a growth rate of 2.4%. Each group has a distinct language and tradition but have similar cultural beliefs and a contemporary history that unites them as one people. English is the official language. Hausa – a Northern Nigerian Language spoken in many West African Countries is also common among the Ghanaian Muslim community. The Twi dialect of the Akan language is widely spoken and understood by majority of its citizens. Majority (70%) of citizens are classified as Christian.
Beneath the glittering façade of modern Ghana lies a country at the crossroads of the modern, the indigenous and the exotic. It is a very refined country steeped in rich cultural traditions that date back to centuries. The unique friendly smiles and warmth of the people have won it the reputation of one of the world’s most hospitable countries. From north to south and east to west, the common love for festivals is a trend that runs through Ghana’s multi-ethnic people. There is a traditional festival almost every week in some parts of the country and the atmosphere is always electrified and imbued with celebrations in the true spirit of a carnival.
Every visitor to Ghana requires a visa or entry permit except ECOWAS citizens and nationals from Kenya and Zimbabwe. All visitors are given up to sixty days on a visitor’s permit on arrival. Ghanaian High Commissions abroad will facilitate the issuing of individual as well as group visas. You can find Ghanaian High Commissions all over the world. Refer to www.amazingafrica.org to find a comprehensive list of foreign embassies and missions present in Ghana. The unlawful importation of controlled substances such as narcotics regardless of amount is a violation of Ghanaian Law. You are required to have your yellow fever immunization card.
Getting around in Ghana
Taxis in the cities are identified in various colours with yellow on the sides and a Taxi advertising post on top.
Self-Drive car hire services are available from a range of local and internationally renowned car rental companies for visitors who have international driving license. Digital hailing rides such as Uber, Yango, others, are also available for commuters.
Money / Currency
Foreign currency can be freely exchanged at any commercial bank, hotels and countless forex bureaus in the cities. All major credit cards are acceptable in hotels and some select shops.